You make informed guesses about the text
You read quickly through the sentences getting a gist of the understanding of the text
Your eyes dart around a text searching for a specific word/phrase/number
You pay close attention to the sentences, taking time to understand the meaning
You ask questions about a text to clarify your ideas
Reading backwards and forwards
When you have to read back in a text or read forward in order to make connections or clarify your ideas
When you put yourself in someone else’s shoes and feel what they feel
You see a picture in your mind to help gain a better impression or understanding of the text
When someone makes a point that isn’t obvious and you have to read ‘between the lines’ to find the meaning
An active reading strategy
SQ3R is an active reading strategy. It stands for Survey, Question, Read, Recall, and Review.
Before you begin to read a chapter survey it first. This means that you get the gist of it by reading the introduction headings, graphs, tables etc. the summary section, if there is one, and any questions at the end of that chapter. This will focus the mind on what to expect when reading the chapter in full.
After you survey the chapter think up questions that you think the chapter will answer. The headings in the chapter will help you formulate the questions as well as the questions at the end of the chapter and previous examination questions on that topic. Formulating questions before you fully read a chapter makes reading active as you are actively seeking answers while reading, rather than passively reading. Passive reading often results in not knowing what the paragraph is about after you have just read it!
Read the chapter and note down any possible answers to the questions you formulated. Note also any key phrases as you read. Pick up any threads in the chapter (e.g. firstly, secondly…..and finally). Make a list of the points if this format is used. If you do not understand a passage after re-reading it, ask for help. If you understand you will remember more efficiently.
After reading the chapter check if you have answered any of the questions you formulated. Check if you can remember any of the main points. Reread any section you have little information on or those sections that you cannot remember. Use your own words instead of learning the chapter off by heart!
Go over (review) your notes at the end of that study session. A study session ought to last about 40-45 minutes followed by a break. Try to make links between what you have just learned to previously learned information.
SQ3R: A Strategy For Active Reading
SQ3R provides a systematic approach to help improve reading comprehension.
Using SQR3 Active